根据最近一项对斯坦福商学院顾问委员会（Stanford Graduate School of Business Advisory Council）成员的调查，75人均将自我意识列为成功领导者最为重要的一项能力。作为领导者，需要了解自己的脾性，扬长避短。自我意识关系到分辨自身特有的习性，而领导者往往将这种特性视为理所当然，可实际上只是特例。
“If your emotional abilities aren't in hand, if you don't have self-awareness, if you are not able to manage your distressing emotions, if you can't have empathy and have effective relationships, then no matter how smart you are, you are not going to get very far.
“IQ is a major factor in deciding which profession you can get into. But once you are in that field, emotional intelligence emerges as a much stronger predictor of who will be most successful, because it is how we handle ourselves in our relationships that determines how well we do once we are in a given job.”
A recent survey of 75 members of the Stanford Graduate School of Business Advisory Council rated self-awareness as the most important capability for leaders to develop. Executives need to know where their natural inclinations lie in order to boost them or compensate for them. Self-awareness is about identifying their own personal idiosyncrasies — the characteristics that executives take to be the norm-- but actually represent the exception.
Self-awareness is indeed very important for leaders, and is one of the five dimensions of “Emotional Intelligence” identified by Dr. Daniel Goleman, a leading expert on the subject of “EQ.” In the old days, perhaps a person in a position of responsibility could survive solely on the basis of their “IQ” and professional expertise. But in the complex world we now live in, where people have increasingly higher standards for those they follow, leaders are expected to continuously develop their EQ if they are to earn the respect of others.
Never heard of “Emotional Intelligence or “EQ?” Then I suggest that this article is going to be important for you!
Goleman’s 5 Dimensions of Emotional Intelligence include:
1. Self-awareness: literally ‘knowing yourself’
2. Self-regulation: managing yourself and your moods
3. Motivation: knowing what motivates you and what does not
4. Empathy: the ability to experience others as legitimate and valuable and identify with their struggles
5. Social skills: the ability to build rapport with others, whenever needed
We claim that Self Awareness is the ‘master key’ to Emotional Intelligence and that the other four of Goleman’s EQ elements all ultimately link back to Self-Awareness.